Slavery is a sensitive and difficult topic to discuss, but it's an important one. Slavery has been around for thousands of years and is still present in some parts of the world today.
In the United States, slavery was abolished with the passage of the thirteenth amendment in 1865, but it left a lasting impact on our country and its people. This list highlights 35 books about slavery in the United States and around the world.
It's not meant to be exhaustive, but rather provides a starting point for further exploration.
We hope you'll read these books and learn more about this important chapter in history.
Written by: Solomon Northup
Solomon Northup tells the story of his abduction into slavery and his subsequent years in bondage. Northup was born free in New York state but was tricked and kidnapped while working in Washington D.C.
He was sold into slavery and spent the next dozen years toiling on plantations in Louisiana. Despite the horrible conditions he faced, Northup never lost hope that he would be reunited with his family one day.
His story is an inspirational tale of perseverance against all odds in a world that does everything to stop you. This book was initially published in 1853.
Written by: Saidiya Hartman
In Lose Your Mother: A Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route, author and historian Saidiya Hartman retraces the steps of her ancestors who were enslaved and shipped from West Africa to the Americas. Using a blend of personal narrative and historical research, Hartman pieces together the slavery experience from the perspective of both the enslaved Africans and their captors.
Hartman's journey takes her from Ghana to Jamaica to Haiti and finally to New York City, where she tries to figure out who she is, being that she's not from Ghana, but also doesn't feel as if she fits in the U.S.A. Along the way, she confronts brutal truths about America's past - and present - while also celebrating the strength and resilience of her African ancestors.
Lose Your Mother is an important book that links personal storytelling with rigorous historical information.
Written by: Frederick Douglass, John David Smith
Frederick Douglass is one of the most influential African Americans in history. In his autobiography, he documents his life as an enslaved person and his eventual escape to freedom. The book has been praised for its powerful writing and unflinching honesty.
It is an essential read for anyone interested in American history or the Civil Rights movement before it became popular.
John David Smith's new edition includes extensive annotations that provide historical context and explanatory notes. It is a valuable resource for students, scholars, and general readers alike. It was initially published in 1855.
Written by: Clint Smith
This book is a powerful outcry against racism in America. The title refers to how racist ideas and attitudes are passed down from generation to generation, sometimes in subtle and unintentional ways.
By traveling to 9 locations in the U.S.A., he speaks to people of all races, genders, and class levels to figure out the truth. Through his personal stories and insightful analysis of history, Smith challenges readers to confront racism head-on and work to break the cycle.
This is an essential book for readers who want to read about the past, and the present, to see how the memories of slavery are distorted by history.
Written by: James M. McPherson
The Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era is a book by James McPherson that tells the story of the Civil War era through the events leading up to the war and during the war. This novel provides readers with an in-depth look at how slavery, politics, and economic interests led to one of the deadliest conflicts in American history.
Even though this book comes in at just under 1,000 pages, it is so intriguing that you'll think you won't notice that. Being loaded with interviews and is exceptionally well-documented, this book is still seen as one of the most important works on the Civil War era.
Written by: Marcus Rediker
This is history shown from the people's perspective on the ships being transported. This starts at the captain and goes down to the enslaved people. It also goes into how it was indeed a slave business as these people were only used to enrich their white owners. One example is that the enslaved people realized this and would try to commit suicide.
It is a painful book to read since you have to deal with the reality of how people were treated. The captains were horrible people who denigrated the other sailors, who then, in turn, denigrated the enslaved people. And by denigration, we mean thumb screws, whips, and pretty much anything else possible.
Written by: Chris DeRose
In 1861, the United States was plunged into a Civil War that would last for four bloody years. During that time, six American presidents would fight amongst each other - and each would have to grapple with the devastating conflict in their way.
Historian Jon Meacham tells how Abraham Lincoln, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, and James A. Garfield all faced the greatest challenge of their careers.
Through meticulous research and engaging prose, Meacham brings to life one of the most pivotal periods in American history. Readers will gain a new understanding of how the Civil War shaped our nation.
Written by: Stephanie E. Jones-Rogers
White women enslavers played a significant role in the slave economy in the American South. Since women usually inherited enslaved people instead of land when relatives died, these women were instrumental in managing and profiting from their slaves.
While some historians have argued that these women were simply riding on the coattails of their husbands or fathers, recent scholarship has demonstrated that white women enslavers were active participants in the institution of slavery.
Through shrewd business practices and ruthless exploitation, these women helped build and maintain the slave system in America.
Written by: Ronald C. White Jr.
Most people think of President Lincoln as "The Great Emancipator." However, that isn't quite the reality. Even though he ended slavery, he still believed that African Americans were not as evolved as white people. He didn't want intermarriage; he thought they couldn't be as intelligent as white and held many other horrid beliefs.
Drawing on thousands of letters and documents that have never been published before, White offers a fresh look at Lincoln's complex character and provides new insights into his beliefs and decision-making processes throughout his life.
If you want to know about Lincoln’s life, for better or for worse, this is a biography you will want to read.
Written by: Joy a Degruy
We are told that we are a country built on the idea of enduring and overcoming any obstacle. However, how does that affect people who were brought here as enslaved people and are still blamed for not achieving this absurd goal? What if there were people who have walked this path before us and can offer guidance and support?
Joy a Degruy provides a comprehensive look at the history of trauma in America, from slavery to today. Drawing on historical research and personal accounts, Degruy sheds light on how African Americans have used resilience and creativity to heal from generations of violence and racism.
This book is an essential read for anyone who wants to understand the roots of African American American trauma and how to help survive it.
Written by: Henry Louis Gates Jr.
If you want to learn about the African American experience, there is no better place to start than Pulitzer Prize-winning Henry Louis Gates Jr.'s book. Covering everything from the arrival of the first enslaved people in America to the election of Barack Obama, this comprehensive volume provides a detailed overview of black history and culture.
Gates brings a wealth of knowledge and insight to his subject, making this an essential read for anyone interested in this critical part of our nation's history. Gates is one of America's foremost authorities on black history, and his passion for the subject shines through here.
This is a companion book to the six-part PBS series, The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross.
Written by: Peter Fryer
The history of black people in Britain is long and complicated, full of highs and lows. This book provides an in-depth look at this often-overlooked aspect of British history. Fryer's work is essential reading for anyone interested in the topic and provides a wealth of information on slavery to the civil rights movement.
Drawing on a variety of sources, Fryer paints a detailed picture of the experiences of black Britons throughout the centuries.
One particularly interesting chapter looks at how the British government has used race to control and manipulate its colonies. This was initially published in 1984.
Written by: Walter Johnson
As a country, the United States likes to believe that it is better than other countries. It has a history of violence, racism, and discrimination that is hard to forget. Many people try to ignore this part of the country's history, but it still exists.
One place where this is particularly evident is in St. Louis, Missouri. St. Louis has been at the center of some of the worst moments in American history. The Civil War is just one of the most prominent examples.
However, there are also positive movements for equality and resistance in this city that prove that one should never accept these conditions.
Written by: H. W. Brands
In 1859, America was on the brink of the Civil War. Tensions between slave-holding and non-slave-holding states were at an all-time high, and violence seemed inevitable.
But during this turmoil, two men emerged as leaders with very different visions for the future of America: John Brown, the radical abolitionist who advocated for violent resistance against slavery, and Abraham Lincoln, the moderate Republican who championed equality and unity.
While everyone knows that Lincoln was assassinated, most don't realize that John Brown was hanged and became a martyr of sorts for abolitionists.
Though they would never meet or even know of each other's existence, these two men would come to personify the opposing sides in America's most significant conflict.
Written by: Tiya Miles
Have you ever heard of the haunted ghost tours that are incredibly popular in the South? These are tales of ghosts, voodoo, and other creatures meant to scare you. People seem to love these tours and find them thrilling and exciting.
However, you should instead think of the dark history of the American South, with its tales of slavery and civil rights struggles. Sadly, the depictions of the cultures of so many people stolen from Africa are played up as a caricature. This makes it easier to denigrate and lets people continue to think that African Americans are somehow less civilized than white culture.
It is a horrible lie that continues the narrative from the Civil War and excuses the behavior of racists in today’s world.
Written by: Andrew Delbanco
Many of us think we know what led up to the Civil War, but there is so much more, and Andrew Delbanco does a great job of exposing it. This includes how few enslaved people escaped, how white people could be taken into slavery if they helped or housed them, and more.
Instead of just taking one side, he writes from the viewpoints of ex-slaves, religious officials, government officials, and even enslaved people loyal to the South.
Once you read about Article 4 of the Constitution and then The Fugitive Slave Act, you will never think about the history of the U.S.A. in the same way.
Written by: Tom Zoellner
Most people don't think of Jamaica as a land with people forced to be enslaved or die. This book documents a revolt and war that lasted for five weeks in 1831 between the local people and the British government to gain their freedom.
Since there were many sugar plantations, and England wanted sugar to be imported, the people of Jamaica were forced to work the fields. However, they decided that they no longer wanted to be enslaved and took matters into their own hands by burning the crops.
This book shows how each event happened and why the British finally abolished slavery just two years later, partly because of it. This compares to the U.S.A. took decades to do the same.
Written by: Henry Wiencek
George Washington, the "Father of Our Country," was an enslaver. This is a simple, irrefutable fact. And it's one that often overshadows Washington's many other accomplishments. In his book, historian Henry Wiencek seeks to shed light on this complex figure and explore his ownership of enslaved people says about America.
Wiencek offers a detailed portrait of Washington's life and times, showing how the contradictions at the heart of Washington's character shaped our nation from its earliest days. Though Washington was an enslaver himself, he eventually came to see the evil of slavery and worked to end it.
This book should be required reading for anyone who wants to know the truth about Washington and the reality of slavery during his time.
Written by: Louis Hughes
This autobiography is compelling and will let you see reality through Hughes' eyes in a way other books don't. He recounts his time as a child working on a farm, then being sold and treated afterward.
Being a slave, his master and the mistress treated him as chattel, and he was often whipped so harshly that he could barely survive. He tried numerous times to escape but was caught, and it wasn't until the end of the Civil War that he and his family could become free.
It is an incredible recounting of strength, perseverance, and the enduring drive for freedom, no matter the odds against him. It was originally released in 1969.
Written by: Catherine Clinton
Harriet Tubman was born into slavery in Maryland in 1820. She escaped to freedom in 1849 and then helped more than hundreds of other enslaved people escape through the Underground Railroad. In 1850, she moved to Canada with her family.
Five years later, she returned to the United States to help enslaved people escape from plantations in South Carolina. Tubman served as a Union Army nurse and spy during the Civil War.
After the war ended, she continued her work for social justice by helping African Americans find new homes and jobs. With no regard for her safety, she changed history.
In 1913, Tubman was awarded the Medal of Honor for her courageous work on behalf of enslaved people and freed people.
Written by: Nikole Hannah-Jones with The New York Times
In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the history of slavery in the United States. This has been spurred in part by the 1619 Project. It is an initiative from The New York Times that aims to re-examine American history through the lens of slavery.
One of the project's lead contributors, Nikole Hannah-Jones, has written a book expanding on her original work. She argues that America's accurate founding date is not 1776, but 1619 when the first enslaved Africans were brought to Virginia.
This new viewpoint challenges long-held beliefs about America's origins. It promises to provoke much-needed conversation about the reality that the U.S. was born on slavery and not the supposed freedom for all.
Written by: David W. Blight
We are told that the Civil War ended slavery and therefore allowed equality and justice to be achieved in the U.S.A. delving into the agreements between the North and the South, we see a very different reality.
Since reconciliation was the main movement at that time, the treatment of African Americans was, at best, a secondary concern. The South specifically used lies and deceit to promote the "Lost Cause" belief that they were victims of Northern aggression.
When you read this book, you'll understand why the Republicans in the South continue to fight against the truth and keep African Americans from having true freedom and equality today.
Written by: Claude Anderson
Published: 1994 (1941)
Too many people in today’s world still think that wealth disparities between races result from laziness or some other personal flaw among people of color. Simply stated, they are wrong. This book challenges the myths about race and poverty in America.
The book's authors argue that structural racism is the root cause of economic inequality in this country. Racism has created a system that benefits white people at the expense of everyone else, including black Americans. If we want to achieve genuine economic justice, we need to address the underlying causes of racism in our society.
The book makes a robust case for reform. It provides a much-needed look at the intersection of race and economics and our society’s continuing fight against supporting people of color.
Written by: Heather Cox Richardson
Heather Cox Richardson argues that the real winners of the conflict were not the North but was southern enslavers. She contends that they could keep their grip on power by playing on racial divisions and ensuring that Reconstruction failed.
She examines how the South and the West took native people's land and forced them into labor practices that ignored the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Cowboys often did this, and it has been given a rustic and absurd narrative that everyone was free. She follows that up with how republicans continue to use that lie to justify their abuse of people of color today.
Her research and writing are impeccable, making this an authoritative work on the subject.
Written by: Frederick Douglas
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in 1818 on a Maryland plantation. He spent his childhood in bondage until he finally escaped to freedom in 1838. During his time as an enslaved person, Douglass witnessed firsthand the brutality and injustice of the system.
Initially published in 1845, this book quickly thrust Douglass into the national spotlight as one of America's leading abolitionists.
Douglass continued to fight for justice and equality throughout his life, becoming one of the most prominent African American figures of his time. His legacy continues to inspire people worldwide who are fighting for freedom from racism and enslavement.
Written by: Andrés Reséndez
This insightful book shines a light on one of the most overlooked chapters of American history—the enslavement of Native Americans.
In riveting detail, he explores the dynamics of this hidden slave trade, which robbed Indians of their land, freedom, and lives. Drawing on exhaustive research, Reséndez paints a gripping portrait of the brutal realities faced by millions of Indians who were forcibly assimilated into colonial society.
A powerful and eye-opening work, "The Other Slavery" is a must-read for anyone interested in Native American history.
Written by: Olaudah Equiano
The book was first published in 1789 and told the story of Equiano's life, from his childhood in Africa, where he was sold to other Africans, and then to his years spent as an enslaved person in the Caribbean and America.
He was fortunate to have been treated well compared to many others from his account. The book is significant not only for its account of slavery and the slave trade but also for its insights into 18th-century life, culture, and politics.
Despite being published over two hundred years ago, The Interesting narrative remains an essential read for anyone interested in understanding the history of slavery and race relations.
Written by: Edward E. Baptist
Everyone looks at how the South used slavery to increase production using free labor. Baptist agrees but then expands it to most of the free world because it benefited almost every country based on capitalism and subjugation of workers.
This book does an amazing job of tying together so many threads, ranging from economic, historical, Constitutional, and the human side (especially when you read the stories told by the enslaved people); it is impressive.
Amazingly, if not for the South's consistent need for more enslaved people and desires to expand, the Civil War probably wouldn't have happened, and slavery may still be with us today. If you are interested in seeing a very different viewpoint of slavery and U.S.U.S. history, you will want to pick up this book.
Written by: Nell Irvin Painter
In 1851, Sojourner Truth gave a now-famous speech at Akron's Ohio Women's Rights Convention. In it, she said: "And ain't I a woman?" Her words would become a rallying cry for generations of women fighting for their rights.
Nell Irvin Painter’s biography tells the story of this remarkable woman who fought not only for the rights of African Americans but also for those of women and working people. Drawing on unpublished letters and documents, Painter paints a portrait of a complex and contradictory figure whose life transcended the boundaries of race and gender.
Sojourner Truth was truly ahead of her time - an icon who deserves to be seen and heard.
Written by: Ned Sublette and Constance Sublette
The American Slave Coast is a history of the slave breeding industry in the United States. The author documents how colonists in North America began buying and selling enslaved Africans for profit.
This practice quickly spread throughout the colonies, and by the early 1800s, the American slave-breeding industry was booming. Enslaved Africans were treated as nothing more than breeding stock, and their families were torn apart at will.
The brutality of this system is difficult to comprehend, but Sublette's book provides a groundbreaking account of how it operated and its lasting impact on American society.
Written by: Booker T. Washington,
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Booker T. Washington was one of the most influential voices in the United States when it came to discussing race relations and African American advancement.
In his autobiography, Washington recounts his own life story, from being born into slavery to becoming a renowned educator and leader. This book is an essential read for anyone interested in understanding American history and the African American experience directly from someone who was able to overcome his circumstances.
Some people think that his view of overcoming the difficulties of slavery and economic issues of African Americans is too simplistic, but see it through his eyes and decide for yourself. Initially published in 1901, it has since been updated.
Written by: W. Caleb McDaniel
Henrietta Wood was born into slavery but then freed in 1858. However, she was abducted by sheriff Zebulon Ward and sold back into slavery. Living through the Civil War, she vowed never to forget or forgive who did this to her.
When she became free again, in 1869, she sued and won $2,500 against Ward. It was the most money awarded to a formerly enslaved person at that time. During this time, she became a powerful businessperson and fought for the civil rights of all.
This is a beautiful story of someone who had nothing, gained freedom, lost it, and then overcame the racism and bigotry of her times to change history.
Written by: Keri Leigh Merritt
This is unlike any other book in this list because it focuses on how slavery affected poor white laborers and workers. Because of the slave trade being so inexpensive, especially when you consider that enslaved people were often bred and therefore free labor, white workers became increasingly jobless.
So, even though they didn't have to deal with the torture that enslaved Black people went through, they were stuck in a system that held them down. Interestingly, the men and women of this group helped push for Civil War, knowing that ending slavery was their only way out of poverty.
It is a very different look at how slavery affected U.S.U.S. culture, but one worth looking into at the same time.
Written by: James Horn
In 1619, the first enslaved people arrived in Virginia, establishing America's ugly history of racial inequality. Yet that same year also saw the birth of something far more enduring and meaningful: The supposed ideal of American democracy.
James Horn explores this paradoxical moment in our nation's history and shows how it laid the foundation for everything that followed.
Drawing on extensive research, Horn provides a rich and thought-provoking account of this seminal year. With vivid prose and meticulous research, Horn brings to life the people and events that shaped our nation's history.
Written by: Charles Sumner
This is another book that seems strange and almost unbelievable. When most people think of slavery, they imagine black men and women being dragged across the United States in chains. However, few know that similar slave trade happened in North Africa centuries ago.
Charles Sumner provides a first-hand account of the white enslaved people who were taken from Europe to be sold in the markets of North Africa. An abolitionist, Sumner used these events to show that the U.S.A.'s use of slavery is just as brutal as anywhere else in the world and should be abolished.
Initially published in 1853, this eye-opening book is a must-read for anyone interested in history or human rights.